Blog Post #12

How and why professionals create Infographics.

  1. Proven to be easy to read and boosts brand advocacy. Cite here
  2. Visually appealing and sharable and reusable. Click here
  3. Help content go viral, help sell more product or make more people aware of it. Click here

Infographics are proven to be easier to read and not long and boring like a book Cite here. They are more appealing to look at because of the cool pictures than reading a novel with a lot of boring words that make you fall asleep Click here. And for businesses that want to branch out or get more people aware of their product use infographics to help with thisClick here. Overall, infographics help both the readers and the creators.


Blog Post #11

  1. The what of my topic is foster care and the problems that are created in children from it.
  2. Possible titles: 1. Foster Care: The long run problems. 2. Foster Care: Helpful or hurtful?
  3. 3 topic sentences: 1. The foster care system is harmful in the long run. 2. Statistics show that foster care does more damage than it does good. 3. The children in foster care need more help than a roof over their heads for eighteen years, and then kicked out with no home or family.
  4. I want my audience to see the damage that foster care does and  think about the lives it affects. It would be great if some people took a stand and did something about the problem. Hopefully after my presentation more people will speak up about the overall negative effects of foster care and the system in place.

Blog Post #10

textbook: study of how humans use language/ symbols to influence beliefs, attitudes, and the actions of other people.

dictionary: language used to influence people, and it may not be honest or reasonable. (Merriam Webster)

Internet: speaking or writing that is used to persuade people. Found Here

rhetorical strategies

  1. Simile: Compares one thing to another. Found in book.
  2. Counterpoints: Contrasting ideas. Ex. black/white and good/bad.Found Here
  3. Imagery: Language that uses one or all of the five senses.Found Here
  4. Allegory: A narrative in which the characters and/ or behavior show symbolism on many levels. Found Here

  5.  Enumeratio: Makes points with details. Ex. Renovations Found Here
  6. Antithesis: makes a connection between two things. Found Here

We are abandoning children in foster care Open Here

Blog post #9

infographic 2


1. Appealing to the eyes. 2. Good color scheme. 3. Good statistics. 4. Relevant statistics. 5. Picture goes with statistics.


1. not a lot of information. 2. They could have used a better picture. 3. Writing should be a little bigger. 4. More statistics would have been better. 5. More than one picture.

infographic 3


1. Useful key. 2. Good information. 3. A lot of facts. 4. Creative 5. Eye catching.


1. Could have used a better picture. 2. Boring with the one picture of the “king”. 3. Key pictures to me do not make sense. 4, More than one picture. 5. More relevant pictures all around.

infographic 4


1. Creative. 2. A lot of information. 3. Good that they used some color. 4. Eye catching with the guy in the middle. 5. Can understand that it has something to do with google.


1. Unorganized. 2. Bland. 3. Not enough color. 4. Hard to read. 5. Hard to read.

5 Conventions

1. I will choose my pictures wisely.

2. Make sure lettering is big enough to see.

3. Correspond the pictures with the writing.

4. Have more than one picture for a given slide.

5. Make the overall theme easy to understand in all slides.

Blog Post #8

I would identify an audience by finding out if it was a single person, like  reader of my novel, or a group of selective people, or just a generalization. I also have to know who I want to target. If I want a group of republicans on my side, I would favor the republican view, and vice versa.

Website here. The target audience is anybody that is interested in what is going on and what they can do to help kids in foster care. They have a mission statement, campaigns, and a donation center. The main page gives information on current statistics and problems in foster care. All of this is directed to an audience that is looking to help or just learn more about it in general.

Blog Post #7

Works Cited

DeAnna Harris-McKoy Andrea S. Meyer Lenore M. McWey Tammy L. Henderson. “Substance Use, Policy, and Foster Care.” Substance Use, Policy, and Foster Care. DeAnna Harris-McKoy,  Department of Family & Child Sciences, Florida State University, Sandels Building, Tallahassee, FL  32306-1491, USA., 2013. Web. 23 June 2015. <;.

Krebs, Betsy Pitcoff, Paul. “Beyond the Foster Care System : The Future for Teens.” Ebrary: Server Message. Rutgers University  Press, 2006. Web. 23 June 2015. <;.

Melissa Jonson-Reid, Richard P. Barth. “From Placement to Prison: The Path to Adolescent  Incarceration from Child Welfare Supervised Foster or Group Care.” From Placement to Prison: The  Path to Adolescent Incarceration from Child Welfare Supervised Foster or Group Care. Copyright ©  2015 Elsevier B.V, 2000. Web. 23 June 2015.  <;.

Sonya J. Leathers. “Placement Disruption and Negative Placement Outcomes among Adolescents in  Long-term Foster Care: The Role of Behavior Problems .” Placement Disruption and Negative  Placement Outcomes among Adolescents in Long-term Foster Care: The Role of Behavior Problems.  University of Illinois at Chicago, Jane Addams College of Social Work, 1040 W. Harrison Avenue,  Chicago, IL 60607, USA, 2005. Web. 23 June 2015.  <;.

Susan DosReis, PhD, Yesel Yoon, BA, David M. Rubin, MD. “Antipsychotic Treatment Among Youth in  Foster Care.” Antipsychotic Treatment Among Youth in Foster Care. PEDIATRICS Vol. 128 No. 6,  2011. Web. 23 June 2015. < e1459>.

Substance use, policy, and fostercare

1. The Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) may have an impact on parents struggling with alcohol or other drug (AOD) problems, who are appealing the termination of their parental rights.

2. Many parents of children involved in the foster care system report problems with alcohol or other drug use. Connection between parental AOD use and foster care.

3. Parental rights are highly protected and represent one of the fundamental rights protected by common law and judicial court decisions. Judges must consider if clear and convincing evidence has been presented and what is in the best interest of the child to  take the child away from parents.

4. Parents with alcohol or drug use issues are at risk for problematic parenting practices directly or indirectly due to substance use.

5. Mothers were the sole appellant in 72% of the cases. Fathers were the sole appellant in 15% of the cases, and 13% of the cases involved both parents. The median number of children involved in the appeals was 2.

6. All the children were removed from their home and placed in the care of state CPS. When removed, the majority of the children were placed in traditional foster care, meaning state’s custody, whereas four children (7%) were placed in kinship care placement. In 8% of the cases, children were placed first in kinship care, then in foster care, or vice versa. Detailed information was limited because lower court records housed the details of each case.

Beyond the Foster Care System : The Future for Teens

1. First chapter made me sad. The girl was so jaded she could not even look him in the eyes. Growing up my dad told me I had to look in peoples eyes to see what they are really thinking.

2.  The kids themselves complain of lack of education.

3. The children are focused on their rights and what they people can and cannot do to them.

4. Even when they solved a problem for a teen the system never changed so the problem would arise again.  Continuos circle of events.

5. Greatest failure of system was its lack of preparing teens for the ” real world”.

6. The system failed to prepare  teens to reach their potential as individuals and citizens. Never had encouragement to succeed.

7. Even though they created a way to help and benefit children in foster care with the problems listed above, the system did not want to reform.

From Placement to Prison: The Path to Adolescent  Incarceration from Child Welfare Supervised Foster or Group Care.

1. Studies have found that a lot of youths who exit foster or group care experience negative outcomes such as poor mental health or incarceration.

2. poor outcomes may result despite child welfare services because of the developmental harm children may have suffered prior to entering care.

3. The ethnic breakdown is African American 37 percent; Caucasian, 36 percent; Hispanic, 25 percent; Other, 2 percent. in 1997. Did it rise or fall?

4. Children placed for any other reason but physical abuse, sexual abuse or neglect were deleted from the analyses.

5.About 11 percent of children in our sample had four or more placements in the first spell and about 20 percent of the children and youth had more than one spell in foster care. Children with multiple spells in care became increasingly likely to enter CYA. (California Youth Authority).

Placement Disruption and Negative Placement Outcomes among Adolescents in  Long-term Foster Care: The Role of Behavior Problems

1. Results suggest that integration in the foster home might be an important aspect of placement adaptation that should be considered during service planning for foster youth in long-term foster care.

2. Changes in placement pose significant risks to foster children’s well-being.

3. This study used data from a larger study of placement experiences that involved completing telephone interviews with the foster parents and caseworkers of 199 young adolescents in 1997 or 1998.

4.children were selected randomly from all 12- and 13-year-old children who had been in non-relative family foster care for 1–8 years in Cook County, Illinois. In Illinois, 75% of the children placed in foster care statewide are from Cook County, which includes Chicago.

5. Behavioral problems were measured using questions assessing the severity of oppositional defiant and conduct disorder symptomatology from the Children’s Symptom Inventory.

6. The Child Symptom Inventory. 31% of the youth were rated by their foster parents as having conduct disorder and/or oppositional defiant symptoms in the severe range. An additional 29.9% had conduct disorder and/or oppositional defiant symptoms in the moderate range. Foster home integration scores were relatively high, with a mean score of 4.24 on a scale ranging from 1 to 5, with 5 representing the highest level of foster home integration.

Antipsychotic Treatment Among Youth in  Foster Care

1.High rates of psychotropic use among youths in foster care is a major national concern, which has led to intense scrutiny about its appropriateness in this vulnerable population.

2. Of the 637, 924 youth continuously enrolled in Medicaid, 16, 969 (2.7%) had a health or behavioral health visit associated with a psychiatric diagnosis and received an antipsychotic medication in 2003.

3. The average days of antipsychotic use differed significantly across Medicaid program categories of youth with any antipsychotic use.

4. This is the first study that examined concomitant antipsychotic use among subgroups of youth in foster care.

5. There might be a number of clinical decisions for using antipsychotics concomitantly that are not captured in administrative data.

6. The growing complexity of antipsychotic medication use among youths calls for research on the effect of dosing and drug-drug interactions on weight gain and metabolic adverse effects.

Blog Post #6

21.1: To read sources rhetorically and take purposeful notes.

1. Read what is relevant to you (not the whole book if you only need a chapter).

2.To read sources rhetorically ask what the author’s purpose was  for writing the book, and what your purpose is for reading it.

3.To take good research notes make a bibliography for the source. Doing it now will save time in the long run and will also make you look at it rhetorically.

4.Record good ideas and information by summarizing each sources argument and writing down your own ideas as they pop up in your head while reading. Best way to do this is to divide a page in half and use one side for notes and one side for questions.

21.2: Evaluate sources for reliability, credibility, angle of vision, and degree of advocacy. 

1. Reliability is the accuracy of factual data in a source. If you cross check it with other sources and the facts are correct then it is a reliable source; however, if the facts are iffy and not consistent with the article you want to use, then it is more than likely not reliable.

2. Credibility is based on internal not external factors. It is based on the reader’s trust in the writer with his or her credibility.

3. Angle of vision is basically the way the book is shaped and the beliefs and assumptions of the author are clear in the text, and are the same values that the reader will share, or argue against.

4. Determining political stances is as simple as understanding what they are writing about, If they complain about republicans, then they are most likely democratic. If the author quotes the Los Angeles Times often, one can assume they are more liberal. People that are referred to as centrists however, are authors who seek out common ground and pull from both sides e.x. liberal and conservative.

5. Degree of advocacy is the extent of which the author takes a side or persuasive stance on an issue, like global warming or if we really went to the moon. With this however, you must review the authors evidence and interpretation of the data, because the author is trying to persuade a group of people, he might slightly change the correct findings to help with his case, or only look for findings which help his case.

21.3: Use your rhetorical knowledge to evaluate web sources.

1. The Web is a nice rhetorical environment that has access to a multitude of collections that would not be found at the school library.

2. Evaluating a web source has five main criteria: authority, objectivity, coverage, accuracy, and currency. Is the sponsor clearly identified? Is the cites purpose clear? Are the topics covered by the site clear? Are the sources of information stated? And are the dates included in the website are all relevant questions for evaluating a Web source.

3. While you know understand the author’s purpose for the site, you must identify your own purposes for the site. Is it information you can use? Is it at all relevant to your study? Overview the table of contents first and see if they have anything you need. If found read the chapter you need and decide weather or not it is relevant or important for what you need.

Beyond the Foster Care System : The Future for Teens

1) Title: Fits with my overall purpose.

2) Author: Both authors are credited and even have a website that is committed to helping people. click here for website

3) Publication Date: 2006, still relevant and not biased.

4) Publisher: Rutgers University Press. It is peer reviewed.

5) Table of Contents: Almost all I can use.

6) Blurb: Overall, the book is about recognizing flaws in the system and the reteaching and preparation for independent living.

7) Bibliography: Most comes from their experience with the system and its flaws.

8) Index: Index has key words that make it easy to see which topic i need at which point.

9) Almost all reviews are good an it has a high star rating in most circles.

10) At this point, most useful chapter is The first impressions of the foster care system.

Substance Use, Policy, and Foster Care

1) Title: Fits with my overall purpose and can help with showing negative effects of foster care.

2) Author: All authors have degrees from credited universities.

3) Publication Date: 2013, relevant and not biased.

4) Publisher:Journal of Family Issues

5) Table of Contents: Almost all I can use.

6) Blurb: Overall, the book is about recognizing flaws in the system and the negative effects of drugs and alcohol in parents and children, and the impact it has.

7) Bibliography: Most comes from their experience with the study and information they gathered.

8) Index: Index has key words that make it easy to see which topic i need at which point.

9) Almost all reviews are good an it has a high star rating in most circles.

10) At this point, most useful chapter is Results.

Antipsychotic Treatment Among Youth in Foster Care

1) Title: Fits with my overall purpose and can help with showing negative effects of foster care in the long run.

2) Author: All authors have degrees from credited universities.

3) Publication Date: 2011, relevant and not biased.

4) Publisher:Official Journal of the American Academy of pediatrics.

5) Table of Contents: Almost all I can use.

6) Blurb: Overall, the book is about recognizing flaws in the system and the long term negative effects.

7) Bibliography: 37 references, the first ten coincide with the information in the journal.

8) Index: Index has key words that make it easy to see which topic i need at which point.

9) Almost all reviews are good an it has a high star rating in most circles.

10) At this point, most useful chapter is Discussion.

Blog Post #5

To create an Infographic and fulfill the assignment directions I will have to plan how to layout the points that need to be made, as well as statistics and pictures that will capture my audiences attention. I will have to research a lot of statistics to show actual proof of the problem, and apply them to pictures that will make the audience think. Overall production should contain a pic per statistic, statistics that are relevant to the overall message, and a page dedicated to phone numbers and websites that aim to help the overall problem.

Memoir: A Moveable Feast was published in 1964 after Ernst Hemingway’s death. The memoir has Hemingway’s collection of tales about his days living as an expat writer in Paris during the 1920s, before he got famous. Memoir example and definition.

Graphic Novel: The website that is linked will say that this genre is not a genre at all but a format. A good example of a graphic novel would be Spiderman or Bleach, which is a Japanese graphic novel called a manga. Graphic novel examples.

Memoir: Rules to writing a memoir are pretty simple. It must be interesting, it must have a theme, and it must be personal. Memoir rules.

Graphic Novel: The rules for graphic novels are a little more detailed than the memoir. To start off you will need to choose a drawing style. Create character and some ideas for the novel. Next do a rough sketch then create the final draft. Choose your paper and pencil in the entire page. once penciled in, if you like what you see make the necessary parts darker and refined. Ink the lettering and erase any pencil lines. Some people color there work, others do not; ultimately it is up to you weather or not you want to color the pictures in. Once finished all there is to do is print it off and sell them. Graphic novel rules.

Both the memoir and graphic novels follow the rules, however, only one can stretch the rules. For instance, a graphic novel can be colored or not colored, while the memoir is print. However, both memoirs and graphic novels have pictures in them to illustrate important events to readers. Authors choose memoirs to show readers a true story that is different from their everyday lives, and that compels them to read more about that person’s life. Authors of graphic novels use that style to attract readers who like a superhero or anime feel.

Blog Post #4

My past school work that involved research was mainly limited to government, where we had to write a paper once a week on a topic in the news and/ or newspaper. They were small assignments, and it only had to be one page, double spaced. Most of my research involved looking up terms I did not know before the article. All research was done online with news articles.

From the University of Idaho’s Library, I learned how important it is to know the timeline of information and when it is  recorded. For instance, some books or articles get recorded the next day while others do not get recorded until a month or two later. So if I have a report due in a week and the article I need is not yet recorded, I need to know beforehand to plan ahead and look for other resources. Knowing what is available at the library will save lots of time trying to find vetted sources and trying to cite sources as well. Also getting things done and time management is mentioned, and while common sense, a lot of students do not follow the guidelines, me included. Information is key to the process of research, that is why the library’s timeline and record of information is important, because it is the starting point of a long process.

The process of research, I have learned, is more complex than I once thought, and the library offers many resources such as research highlights and links for group activities and evaluations. Both of these help students broaden their knowledge by letting them experience feedback from other people interested in the same topic, or assigned topic. The Topic/ Terms page on the U of I Library resources website teaches readers how to turn a research question into a search strategy, and also has tips for using keywords with search engines. Both of these tips helped me with figuring out a thesis for one of my psychology classes. This library offers many information and resources for all types of people, student and professor.

I like how the site offers help with citing sources, as it is one of the biggest problems freshman have, and how it defines plagiarism, and helps with avoiding it as well. While a lot of us students know what plagiarism is, sometimes we do not know the extent of it and how much we really have to cite, especially pictures. Looking through the topics and sources they have I am very excited to use them. Before I would have to use and it was not very reliable at all, but this will help me out a lot. Overall I think the library’s resources are very in depth and helpful to students and faculty with not only writing papers but also research for projects and internships.

Blog Post #3

Amanda Davies

English 102

Topic Proposal

Are foster care systems helping children in the long run? Is the program beneficial to the children’s mental and physical well fare and are there problems that should be addressed? Is the economic toll too much or is the problem not the money but the system overall?

Working with children at the University’s Children’s Center, I started to wonder what would happen if their parents could not take care of them anymore and the bad side of foster care. Not that there is not good sides to foster care, but is the affect of it reliable when the child turns an adult or a teenager, what affects will it have caused overall? This is what made me think about this topic more seriously. This question is relevant because the overall well being of a person, especially a child,  should not be taken lightly.

“Mental and behavioral health is the largest unmet health need for children and teens in foster care ()”.There are some pretty bad experiences in foster care, and some lead to death. It seems to me that the background check or whatever other systems in place should screen people better. Personally, I know a family that takes care of foster children, and a lot of the children they get have been badly abused by other foster parents, not all, but quit a few. It has an effect on the other kids of the family, and in turn the parents. Overall it is a good experience because it lets children have a good home, but are the few good homes worth all the other bad homes?

I feel as though a different screening process needs to take place, and that drug and alcohol tests be administered before and after arrival. This is a problematic situation because while there are problems, there really has been no better solution made, nor really improved as much as it should be. This question may not be significant to most, but to kids that actually need help, it makes the world of a difference. The children in the foster care are affected by this imperfect system, and the economy and tax payers as well. Economic and social issues are negative results of the wide reaching consequences on the foster care system.


American Academy of Pediatrics. “Mental and Behavioral Health.” Healthy Foster Care      America. AAP, n.d. Web. 16 June 2015. <    health-initiatives/healthy-foster-care-america/Pages/Mental-and-Behavioral-Health.aspx>.